ESP兒童的特點 (ESFP / ESTP)

ESP特徵
ESP Traits

  • 做任何事都轟轟烈烈
    They want to do everything in a BIG way
  • 精力充沛
    They have LOTS of energy
  • 喜歡戶外活動
    They love the outdoors
  • 喜愛動物
    They love animals
  • 喜歡參加運動和其他身體活動
    They love to participate in sports and other physical activities
  • 對四周狀況變化非常有意識(敏感)
    They're extremely aware of their environment
  • 對美,有很強的藝術鑑賞力
    They have a strong aesthetic appreciation for beauty
  • 需要經常保持忙碌熱鬧,通常有數個項目處於進行中的狀態
    They need to be constantly busy, and usually have several projects going on
  • 通常有藝術天賦
    They are usually artistic
  • 喜歡成為人們的注意中心
    They love to be the center of attention
  • 很實際,做事以現實為依據
    They're very practical and grounded in reality

潛在優勢
Potential Strengths

  • 通常會是興高采烈的,幾乎一直有著好情緒
    They're generally cheerful and almost always in a good mood
  • 通常很受歡迎,被幾乎每一個人所喜愛
    They're usually popular and well-liked by almost everyone
  • 會比其他類型的人更快地注意到他人的行為和態度
    They pick up on other people's behaviors and attitudes more quickly than any other type
  • 從人生中獲得大量的樂趣,把生活當作一場盛大的聚會
    They get a great deal of enjoyment out of life, and treat life like a big party
  • 對細節具有很強的記憶力
    They have a very good memory for details
  • 觀察力極其敏銳——是所有類型人中最敏銳的
    They're extremely observant – the most observant of all of the types
  • 極其慷慨
    They're extremely generous
  • 喜歡並且接受幾乎每個人
    They like and accept almost everyone

潛在劣勢
Potential Weaknesses

  • 普遍接受每個人,可能導致對人的判斷力較差
    Their general acceptance of everyone may make them poor judges of character
  • 喜愛金錢
    They love money
  • 趨向於實利主義
    They tend to be materialistic
  • 在大多數情況下,無法看到大局
    They cannot see the big picture in most situations
  • 傾向於尋求興奮激動
    They tend to be thrill-seekers
  • 可能嗓門過大,喧鬧
    They may be overly loud and boisterous
  • 容易衝動
    They are very impulsive
  • 根本沒有使用直覺、或從一種情況向另一種情況推斷事物的能力
    They do not have the ability to use their intuition at all, or extrapolate anything from one situation into another
  • 不完成任務或計劃的情況很頻繁
    They frequently do not follow through on tasks or plans
  • 很難嚴肅認真地對待任何事
    They have a difficult time taking anything seriously
  • 活在當下,很難預見到自己行為的後果
    They live in the present moment, and have difficulty forseeing the consequences to their actions

ESP學習方式
ESP Learning Style

執行任務時,ESP孩子需要明確的指示。在理解要做什麼之前,他們希望任務能被清楚地定義。如果對工作的定義不嚴謹,工作結果不清晰或極具個性,ESP將會不適。他們將無法很好地執行這類事情,除非他們能從某些地方獲得對如何做好它們的清晰指示。
ESP children require explicit instructions when performing a task. They need to have the expectations for the task clearly defined before they can understand what they are supposed to do. Loosely defined assignments, where the outcome is unclear or extremely individualized, will not sit well with the ESP, and they will not perform these kinds of tasks well unless they get clear instructions on how to do them from some source.

ESP們在實際動手做的練習方面學得最好。當向他們示範如何操作後,他們通常很容易就能掌握。身體方面,ESP們通常非常協調和靈敏。他們能快速而準確地學會新的體育項目。
ESPs learn best with lots of hands-on experience. When shown how to do something, they are usually able to pick it up quite easily. Physically, ESPs are usually very coordinated and agile. They can learn new physical tasks with great speed and accuracy.

ESP們注意力集中的時間很短。周圍環境中發生的任何事都很容易分散他們的注意力。他們也極喜歡社交,經常會分心、轉移注意力去與其他孩子交談、互動。學習時,如果允許ESP們與環境互動,他們專注的時間將會長些。在團體活動中,或允許與其他孩子一起幹時,他們會做得比較好。
ESPs have a short attention span. They are easily distracted by just about anything that occurs in their environment. They are also extremely social, and often get distracted talking and interacting with other children. An ESPs attention will be retained longer if they are allowed to interact with their environment while learning. They do well with team activities, or when allowed to work with other kids.

ESP孩子精力旺盛,非常好動。他們安靜地坐下不一會兒,便開始四處扭動或變得厭煩。要解決這個問題,可以讓他們和其他孩子一起幹,或者,老師可以嘗試一些變通的課程計劃,把身體活動和學習相結合。例如,朗讀詩歌的同時,把它表演出來。
ESP children have a tremendous amount of energy, and are very physically oriented. They can't sit still for more than a few minutes before they start to wiggle around and get very bored. Working with other kids may help combat this problem, or a teacher could try some alternative lesson plans that include combining physical activity with learning. An example of this might be reading a poem and acting it out at the same time.

通常,ESP孩子需要很多新鮮的精神和物質激勵。他們非常好奇,觀察力敏銳,經常尋求新鮮的體驗。他們極容易感受到當前環境的變化,而且無法忽略這種感受。對於能夠結合物質環境進行的腦力學習活動,他們能學得比較好。如果某種活動沒有包含物質的、有形的、真實存在的事物,就會讓ESP很快厭煩。
In general, ESP children need to have a lot of new mental and physical stimulation. They are extremely curious and observant, and seek new experiences constantly. They are extremely aware of their immediate environment, and cannot ignore that awareness. They learn best doing activities that combine the mental learning with their physical environment. Activities that do not include a strong physical, tangible, reality become boring very quickly to the ESP.

ESP的特殊需要
ESP Special Needs

ESP孩子需要經常動動,如果被要求在某個位置上坐定一段時間,就會很痛苦。老師和父母應該意識到他們的這種需求,儘可能地設計結合身體動作的活動。一般情況下,ESP們需要很忙碌熱鬧。他們很容易變得厭煩,需要大量激勵和新鮮體驗來保持愉快、持續成長。
ESP kids need to be constantly moving, and will have a hard time in situations where they are required to sit in one place for any length of time. Teachers and parents should be aware of these needs, and design activities that incorporate physical activity as much as possible. ESPs need to be busy in general. They get easily bored and need a lot of stimulation and new experiences to remain cheerful and to continue to grow.

由於ESP們過於生活在此刻,所以當出問題時,很重要的一點是讓他們立刻獲得糾正。等到以後再處理將使糾正效果嚴重削弱。應該指出懲戒或糾正措施,並迅速執行。說這個的意思並不是指體罰,對你孩子的任何形式的身體傷害都決不會得到寬恕。
Because ESPs live so much in the present moment, it's important that they receive corrections immediately when a problem occurs. Waiting until later will seriously diminish the effect of the action. Any disciplinary or corrective action should be pointed and swiftly administered. By saying this, we are not referring to physical discipline, and in no way condone any kind of physical abuse of your children.

對ESP們而言,行動比語言更有效。他們學樣學得最好,應該給他們提供行為的榜樣。如果把怎麼做示範給他們看,而不是僅僅告訴他們,他們就能最好地掌握。要想教會他們在某種情況下如何應付,你得用自己的行動做示範,這樣他們的學習效果最好。ESP孩子是高超的模仿家,很可能學會父母和生活中其他重要成年人的行為。
For ESPs, actions speak louder than words. They learn best by example, and should be provided with models of behavior. They will pick something up best if they are shown how to do it, rather than told how to do it. If you want to teach them how to act in a certain situation, they will learn this best if you show them how to act with your own behavior. ESP children are great mimics, and are very likely to pick up on the behaviors of their parents and other important adults in their lives.

ESP孩子常會試試是否可以越界。他們屬於那種會頻繁地捲入麻煩的類型。給他們設立清晰的界線非常重要。這些界線必須被明確定義,並一直強化。在這個年紀,ESP孩子無法很好地使用「直覺」,所以,非常重要的一點是要把規定向他們說明得很詳細。如果對某種情況制定了一條規定,他們很可能不會自動將該規定用到其他類似的情況下。他們需要明確的指示。
ESP children routinely test their boundaries. These kids may be the sort to get themselves into trouble frequently. It's very important that clear boundaries be set for them. These boundaries should be very explicitly defined, and should be consistently reinforced. ESP children do not have good use of their Intuition at this age, so it's very important that rules are spelled out for them. If a rule has been made for a certain situation, they will probably not automatically apply that rule to a different similar situation. They require explicit instructions.

ESP們可能很難記住並遵守規定——即使這條規定已被清楚地定義。成年人需要經常向ESP們提醒這些規定,進行全面詳細的說明。對ESP行為的要求應該明確,並且提醒他們。成年人必須始終如一、前後一致地執行這些規定。
ESPs are likely to have trouble remembering and following rules – even if they have been clearly defined. Adults should remind ESPs of the rules frequently, spelling them out in their entirety. Expectations for the ESP's behavior should be made explicit, and they will need to be reminded. Adults must be consistent in enforcing these rules.

「缺失」的字母
The "Missing" Letter

成年人的人格類型包含4個字母,對於7至12歲的孩子,我們使用3個字母。那個缺失的字母呢?它在那兒,只是我們通常得等孩子13歲後才能確定它是什麼。 ESP孩子將成長為ESTP「實幹者」或ESFP「表演者」。他們將會選擇「思維」還是「情感」來補充其「感覺」偏向,在這個成長階段還不明顯。你將會看到,孩子反覆練習「思考」和「情感」,直至在他們更喜歡些的那個功能上安頓下來。對某些孩子,分辨他們「缺失」的字母是可能的;但是對很多孩子,我們還得等上若干年才能確定。
Adult personality types contain four letters, while for kids aged 7-12 we use three letter types. What happened to the missing letter? It's there, we just can't usually determine what it is until after a person is 13 years old. ESP kids will grow up to be either ESTP "Doers" or ESFP "Performers". At this stage in their development, it's not obvious whether they will choose Thinking or Feeling to complement their Sensing preference. You will see the child practicing both Thinking and Feeling as they settle down into their preferred function. In some children it's possible to distinguish their "missing" letter, but for many kids we just have to wait a few years to be sure.